藤门留学

图片说明

如何运用考托福听力的例证关系

2017-06-22    来源:    编辑:admin
如何运用考托福听力的例证关系?好多考生在给别人解释事情的时候都能明白举例子的重要性,那么在我们考学术类考试时也是需要考察例证关系,那我们在运用考托福听力的例证关系时最主要注意的是:例子的作用永远是为了支持或解释作者的观点。
  好多考生在给别人解释事情的时候都能明白举例子的重要性,那么在我们考学术类考试时也是需要考察例证关系,那我们在运用考托福听力的例证关系时最主要注意的是:例子的作用永远是为了支持或解释作者的观点。
  比如,我现在有个观点:
  老俞是个特别好的老板。
  然后,我举了2个例子:
  1、他花钱组织优秀员工进行航海之旅,并满足他们各种合影的需求。
  2、他鼓励有创新意识的员工发展事业,并给予资金支持。
  这时如果题目问,文中提到“老俞满足员工各种合影需求”的目的是什么。脑洞大开的同学们一定不能脑补太多,犯主观臆断的错误。这里的例证不为别的,只为说明:
  老俞是个特别好的老板。
  好了,我们来看一个托福听力中考察的“例证关系”:
  “Cecilia Beaux was born in 1854, and after learning to paint and studying with several important artists of the time, Beaux became known as one of the best portrait painters in the United States. She was very successful. She even had portraits of the wife and children of Theodore Roosevelt, while he was president.
  …
  she really stood out back in the 1800s. And today, she is still considered one of the greatest portrait painters of her time, male or female. In fact, she was the first full-time female instructor at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and she was a full member of the National Academy of Design. These are pretty important institutions.”
  听力音频中提到“Cecilia Beaux生于1854年,在她学画并且和当时一些重要的艺术家学习后,成为了当时美国肖像画领域非常厉害的人物。Cecilia Beaux非常成功,她甚至为罗斯福总统的妻儿画过像…下文又说,她在19世纪后期十分杰出,实际上,她是宾夕法尼亚大学美术系的全职导师,她也是国家设计院的全职人员......”
  通过逻辑论证,我们了解到文中作者提到Cecilia Beaux为罗斯福总统的妻儿画过像,其实就是为了说明“She was very successful”;作者提到Cecilia Beaux的两个任职机构,其实也是为了说明“she really stood out”。
  这里例证关系的出题如下:
  What evidence does the professor cite to illustrate Cecilia Beaux's reputation as an artist? (Click on 2 answers)
  • A. The instructors that she studied art with
  • B. Her role in professional art organizations
  • C. Her connection with an important politician's family
  • D. The features of her work that the Impressionists imitated
  根据上文对音频材料的分析,相信同学们不难看出B&C选项是正确答案。