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GMAT高分题型之冷门的CR题型

2017-10-12 18:25:18    来源:藤门留学    编辑:yumen
对于备考GMAT的同学来说,CR的题型大家都不陌生,大家平常遇到比较多的题型有strengthen、weaken、explain、evaluation、assumption、blank、conclusion等等,但实际上,GMAT CR的题型却并不仅仅局限于这几种,有几个相对来说超低频但却容易出现在高分库的题型,你一定得了解下。

  对于备考GMAT的同学来说,CR的题型大家都不陌生,大家平常遇到比较多的题型有strengthen、weaken、explain、evaluation、assumption、blank、conclusion等等,但实际上,GMAT CR的题型却并不仅仅局限于这几种,有几个相对来说超低频但却容易出现在高分库的题型,你一定得了解下。

  Main point

  问法举例:

  a. Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the argument?

  b. Which one of the following most accurately expresses the conclusion of the journalist’s argument?

  c. Which one of the following most accurately restates the main point of the passage?

  d. The main point of the argument is that.

  这种题型出现,要注意它与普通结论题(must be true)的区别:Main Point题的正确选项不光要从题干信息直接得出,而且必须总结题目中作者的观点,因此即使一个选项真实性为true但是没有概括作者观点也是不对的,亦或者仅仅是重复论证的前提也是毫无意义的。

  Method of reasoning

  问法举例:

  a. Which of the following describes how the argument above is developed?

  b. Which of the following describes the technique of reasoning used above…

  c. Which of the following is an argumentative strategy employed in the argument…

  d. The argument employs which one of the following reasoning techniques…

  该题型题目本身的论证既可能是有效的,也可能是无效的,正确选项需要选出一个能够表明题目论证展开方式的选项。

  Flaw in the reasoning

  问法举例:

  a. Which of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the reasoning…

  b. The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument…

  c. The reasoning above is flawed because it fails to recognize that…

  d. The questionable aspect of the reasoning above is that it…

  该题型题目本身的论证一定是无效的,正确选项需要表明论证的漏洞在哪,要注意此题型与weaken题有区别:weaken是要找到能够进一步削弱原文推论的选项,而flaw in the reasoning 只要指出原文推论的问题就行。

  Parallel reasoning

  问法举例:

  a. Which of the following arguments is most similar in its pattern of reasoning to the argument above?

  b. Which of the following arguments is most closely parallel in its reasoning to the reasoning in the argument above?

  c. Which of the following arguments is most similar to logical features /in its pattern of reasoning?

  大家通过问法举例不难发现,该题型的正确答案是要找到与原文论证方式相似的选项,考生需要先判断出原题目的论证方式,再在选项中进行比对,选出相似论证方式的答案。

  以上四种问题类型就是大家在备考过程中以及在实际考试过程中遇到频率较低的题型,其中后三种都跟推理方式相关,有一定的关联性,而Method of reasoning和 Flaw in the reasoning 两个题型,往往只有在高分库才能见得到,因此力求高分的同学还是要在备考过程中对这两种题型有所接触。